Gardening calendar

We make it easy for you: everything you need to consider for your garden month by month.

For healthy plants year-round

In this practical guide you will find the care and sowing by month, the diseases or pests you will have to deal with, as well as the most effective products for each occasion. You no longer have any excuse to keep your indoor and outdoor plants, lawn and orchard or kitchen garden in tip-top shape! Let's get started!

Select a month from the calendar

January

The days are starting to get longer. Slowly, but it is noticeable. If it is sunny, the temperatures become milder and invite the earliest species, such as snowdrops, bearded iris or yellow jasmine, to bloom. Be prepared to give the plants light watering if the year is dry, and regular fertilisation at the slightest hint of colour. Don't neglect the flower pots on your terrace, which dry out faster and need more water than plants in the garden. And protect delicate specimens from the cold.

Indoor plants

First pleasure of the year: fill your home with colour with azaleas, which have just arrived at the nursery. They are inexpensive and you can place several in different parts of the house. Other flowering plants include cyclamen, begonia, African violet and kalanchoe. For this reason, they need more water than other indoor specimens, avoiding waterlogging and watering from below.

The cottony cushion scale is a pest that now attacks, among other species, mimosas on the terrace and kentia indoors. To get rid of it, treat with Fertiberia's Insecticida Orugas y Cochinillas.

After cleaning the leaves with a damp cloth to remove dust or lime stains from the irrigation water, apply Fertiberia's Abrillantador. They will give them a healthy, natural shine.

Outdoor plants

Now is the time for planting everything. To make sure you don't get lost in the sea of flowers, we recommend meadow daisies. This is the best way to have the delicate colour of their tiny but numerous flowers in your flowerbeds.

If there are puddles where you have herbaceous plants, you are more than exposed to moulds (grey mould is very common), which can damage them. Fill in any depressions in the soil immediately. And if the fungus appears, add Fertiberia's Fungicida Polivalente.

Remember that pots dry out before plants in the ground. It may only be necessary to support them with some watering if rain is scarce.

Lawn

The use of meadow grass declines a lot in the winter. But mow it and the debris will fill up your collection basket. The objective is to keep it clean.

Lift the mowing cut to prevent ice from reaching the topsoil and root collars. Avoid trampling, as the cold does not allow the grass to regenerate.

If you need to improve the fertilisation of the lawn, apply Fertiberia's Enmienda Orgánica. It will better assimilate nutrients and increase water retention capacity.

Garden

In the nursery you will find deciduous and broadleaf shrubs (trees with deficiencies, such as iron chlorosis, and shade trees) with clean roots. Plant some in your garden. In the case of shade trees, first of all, prune to shape them, removing the central guide to achieve a crown shape.

Mulch, compost and packaged substrates (e.g. Fertiberia's Sustrato Universal) will all be equally useful when it comes to giving the shrub beds a basal dressing. Spread a layer of organic product of at least 2-3 cm on the terrain.

And if you have to provide drainage to avoid puddles, dig a trench about 40 cm deep and fill it with coarse gravel.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

Although December is the month for planting garlic, if you have not yet planted them, do it now.

Carrots, spinach and, in general, crops that are sown in the ground must be watered if it does not rain copiously or regularly. Otherwise, their roots will be damaged.

Plant a fruit tree (apple, pear, cherry, plum, etc.). Place them in a hole prepared with Fertiberia's Abono Ecológico Huerta y Jardín. It is also time for berry species, such as currant, raspberry or gooseberry.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Recebo Césped.

Fertiberia. Quality substrate, suitable for the implantation and top-dressing of the lawn. It ensures optimum conditions for seed germination and good rooting. It improves root aeration and has a pH ideal for the absorption and utilisation of nutrients.

Fertiberia's Antimusgo.

Mini-granulated product that definitively eliminates moss, algae and lichen from the lawn. It corrects possible deficiencies, such as iron chlorosis, and prevents fungal diseases, such as fusarium or corticium. It acts as a lawn greening agent and activates its growth.

Sustrato Universal Profesional.

Fertiberia. Suitable for all types of medicinal, aromatic, ornamental and kitchen garden plants. It contains perlite, a mineral of volcanic origin that improves aeration and water retention, and coconut fibre, which improves root development and nutrient retention.

February

Pruning your rose bushes at the end of winter is the first step towards a spectacular bloom. That is why it is important to do it at the right time and without mistakes. In addition, the last frosts will come with early flower buds, cover cherry trees and other prunus with buds, and force you to protect your most delicate specimens. If there is no rain at all, intensify your watering, fertilise and get ready to enjoy the burst of colour that is about to take place.

Indoor plants

A couple of regular clippings will help keep your plants intact all year round. Now that they are subjected to heat from heaters, it is a good time. Remove dry or damaged leaves right at the base of the stems, or remove only the affected part, leaving a small border of the damaged area for protection.

Drastic pruning is the solution when plants exhibit an excessively poor vegetation. Cut the stems back to almost ground level and in a few months they will grow strong.

Yellowing of the foliage may indicate a lack of watering or iron. Remove the leaves that have lost colour and add more water, in the first case, or treat with a greening agent such as Fertiberia's Quelato de Hierro.

Outdoor plants

Prepare seedbeds for summer annuals, such as tagetes or petunias, for planting in two months. And enjoy what you have. For example, winter jasmine, with its yellow flowers, is very resistant to the cold.

But not all of them are that strong. Protect seedlings with a cloth, plastic, sand dressing (very practical for rose bushes) or any cover.

It is a good idea to prune ground cover plants to keep them compact. Partially cut back those which tend to open up, such as santolina, and cut back to the base those which become straggly, such as vinca.

Lawn

As soon as the thermometer hits a minimum temperature above 10 °C, you can sow it. Prepare the terrain by clearing it of weeds and hoeing it before adding mulch and mixing it with soil.

Then spread the seeds and rake them gently into the soil (or cover them with a centimetre of mulch). Water in a fine rain and don't step on it for a few days.

If the meadow does not drain well, prick the soil so that it is not waterlogged. When sowing, improve it with Fertiberia's Abono Césped Plus Siembra y Regeneración.

Garden

This is your last chance to plant bare root. Before doing so, trim branches and roots, and mix the extracted soil with organic matter. For climbers, check their supports.

Remove branches on flowering shrubs to stimulate good growth. Other specimens that now look their best, such as rhododendrons and azaleas, will need nutrients, such as Fertiberia's Sustrato Plantas Acidófilas.

For now, watering is not very important in the garden, but its time will soon come. To avoid last minute surprises, check the installation and make sure there are no burst valves due to frost or cracks in the hoses.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

Weeds often appear. Spread plastic film over them and treat them with Fertiberia's Herbicida Total and Herbicida Selectivo.

Start shape pruning fruit trees, such as apple, pear or plum trees, as soon as the risk of frost has passed. This will allow the sun to penetrate the canopy and the branches to support the weight of the fruit.

Protected crops need to be watered, albeit sparingly. Use room-temperature water, even if you let it stand for a while. Aerate during the hottest hours to avoid fungus. And add compost or decomposed mulch to the beds of crops planted in autumn.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Triple Acción Protector.

With a revitalising, curative and protective action on ornamental plants, it combines reinforcing and biostimulating agents with repellents that reduce phytosanitary treatments against powdery mildew, rust, mildew, aphids, cochineal scale insects, whiteflies, spider mites, etc.

Fertiberia's Antilimacos.

Bait in granules to combat slugs and snails that attack plants. Resistant to rain and humidity. Long-lasting and persistent action. The bittering agent it contains acts as a repellent to prevent human or domestic animal consumption.

Fertiberia's Aceite Insecticida.

It is indicated for the control of cochineal scale insects, insect larvae, spider mites and other mites on ornamental shrubs, citrus, stone and pome fruit trees and banana trees. It can be applied as an adjuvant additive with leaf miner products.

March

Spring starts this month. You have probably already noticed. The risk of frost is now much lower and your plants will be full of buds. So prepare the colour that will inundate your garden in the coming months. Take cuttings, transplant from the seedbed to the flowerbed, remove weeds, etc. In addition, you will have to increase watering if it doesn't rain, apply the first fertiliser of the new season, aerate the lawn and many other tasks. But don't get overwhelmed and think that you'll soon reap a handsome reward.

Indoor plants

Proper hygiene of your plants will help to keep them beautiful, healthy and vigorous. Dirt accumulated on the foliage can spoil them, especially now that the windows are open for longer periods of time. Wipe the smooth, large leaves with a sponge dipped in soapy water and brush the small, hairy ones with a brush.

Gradually increase watering and start watering species such as clivia, spathiphyllum or any other species that has been subjected to winter dormancy. And rotate the specimens most exposed to light so that they do not grow unevenly as they now receive more hours of light.

Prune geraniums to a height of 10-20 cm and take cuttings. If the substrate is very worn, remove the surface layer and add Fertiberia's Sustrato Plantas de Flor.

Outdoor plants

As they grow, roses require extra doses of nutrients. After pruning, use a specific fertiliser for rose bushes, such as Fertiberia's Abono Sólido Rosales, and repeat at the end of summer, when they go through their second flowering.

Now is the time to plant aromatic plants in containers or in flowerbeds in the sun. When doing so, add Fertiberia's Sustrato Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas. Also plant summer bulbs every week to stagger flowering.

Now is the time to prune the hydrangeas above the flower buds. If they are underdeveloped, cut branches above the wood buds.

Lawn

As temperatures rise, it experiences a strong outbreak of weeds. Remove them or apply Fertiberia's Herbicida Selectivo.

If the surface is too compacted, aerate it with an aerator or a spiked roller. A traditional roller will be useful for smoothing out any areas raised by the rain.

With the return to activity, the lawn will need fertilising. You can do this with Fertiberia's Abono Césped Plus Mantenimiento, for slow release.

Garden

Spread Fertiberia's Abono de Liberación Controlada throughout the garden and watch out for weeds. Weed, mulch or use an herbicide, such as Fertiberia's Herbicida Selectivo.

One habit you should keep up until well into spring is to protect the coldest shrubs at night with a plastic sheet with holes in it to prevent frost from damaging them. During the day, keep them uncovered.

And if you have any pine trees in your garden, you may discover pockets of pine processionaries. Cut them our or apply Fertiberia's Insecticida Biológico.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

Sow lettuces, radishes or endive in staggered rows. A good measure is to sow a short row of vegetables every 15 days.

Pay attention to celery, leek or artichoke, which can withstand sporadic frosts, but not permanent cold temperatures. Cover stems and roots with straw.

Germinate potatoes in a cool, dry environment and plant them at the end of the month. Dig furrows 30 cm deep, space them 25-30 cm apart, and cover them with extracted soil.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Abono Premium Azul.

Granulated, good for all types of plants, trees and shrubs, fruit trees and horticultural crops. It favours growth, improves root development, stimulates flower formation and protects against fungal diseases, frost, drought and stress processes.

Fertiberia's Antipulgón Tablillas.

Insecticide that is absorbed by the roots and moves throughout the plant, reaching the bud, where the most virulent aphid attacks occur. The tablets are inserted directly into the substrate, releasing their active material. It protects the plant for one to two months.

Fertiberia's Sustrato Universal.

Suitable for all types of indoor and outdoor plants and crops. It has a balanced physical structure between aeration and water retention. The pH is adapted to the requirements of the plant for a correct absorption and use of nutrients.

April

The signs of spring that your garden has been showing since last month are confirmed. It is true that hyacinths, daffodils and tulips are in their last phase and will last a little longer if you cut back the wilted plants, but there is a lot more to come. To keep everything looking beautiful you will have to start fertilising and increase watering depending on the temperature and rainfall. The lawn will also start to demand your attention, so now is the time to spruce it up.

Indoor plants

They arrive hand in hand with the heat. Cochineal scale insects, spider mites, aphids and thrips are the pests of the season, ready to attack your most sensitive plants. Defend them with a specific product for each one or with another product that works for all of them, such as Fertiberia's Insecticida Polivalente Concentrado or Insecticida Polivalente Listo Uso.

An aesthetic pruning will not be a bad thing for your plants if they have been subjected to heating and have leaves with dry edges. The cuts will be light.

Otherwise, as soon as they start to produce buds and new shoots, they will appreciate fertiliser, first in reduced and spaced doses, which will have to be increased little by little. Also, as temperatures rise, increase the frequency and intensity of watering.

Outdoor plants

If the soil in your garden has accumulated heat and is neither dry nor waterlogged, perennials. In full sun, cosmos, potentillas and artemisia, and in shade, astilbes and lysimachia. If they are planted and need some support due to their habit, trellis them.

You can also plant annuals for the summer. There are two ways: grouping them by species and varieties to create spots of colour, or in rows, so that you can make patterns with them.

Perennials that are in full bloom now, as well as later spring bulbs, will last longer if you gradually remove the dried flowers. Don't let your guard down.

Lawn

If your lawn has grown quite a bit and the weather has improved, you will need to mow for the first time this season. Choose a dry day for mowing and set the blades higher (5-6 cm).

Collect the grass clippings or leave them as mulch if they are finely cut. From now on it is advisable to mow once a week.

To keep the lawn looking neat, trim it twice a year, before and after the summer. Do this with an edger or a half moon edger shovel.

Garden

Your garden will appreciate a good hoeing. It will allow you to remove the weeds that appear between the flowerbeds and anything that is diseased and attracts numerous insects. It will also help to soften the soil, improving its quality.

Do you know what suckers are? They are offshoots that grow at the base of the stem of the mother plant and consume a lot of water and nutrients. That's why it's a good idea to remove them immediately. Remove the soil around them until the roots are revealed and pull firmly.

And to make the best use of watering, dig a small depression around the trunk to retain water.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

You can now plant root vegetables, such as radishes or sugar beet, and strong-smelling vegetables, such as cabbage or cauliflower, in the land for permanent culture. Tomatoes, eggplants and peppers, under cover.

If the spring is wet and rainy, the risk of mildew on your crops will be higher. Be proactive and spray the plants with Bordeaux mixture. And if it is already established, combat it by spraying Fertiberia's Fungicida Polivalente.

In the case that your vegetables start to spike, don't hesitate to remove the tips. It is also a good idea to trim herbs (culinary, aromatic, etc.) to impart a more compact growth.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Cítricos y Frutales.

Preventive and curative, it acts against wilting and desiccation caused by phytophthora in grass, conifers, citrus, pome fruit trees and strawberry beds, and against yellow spots caused by pythium in grass. Good against mildew on vines and cucurbits.

Fertiberia's Abono Césped Mantenimiento.

For slow release, it contains more than 50% nitrogen in the form of methylene urea, which ensures balanced nutrition for three months. It strengthens and stimulates growth, making it more resistant to different pests and diseases.

Fertiberia's Insecticida Biológico.

It acts against a wide variety of insects, especially against prays, caterpillars, pine processionaries and larvae in the first stages of development. It acts by ingestion. It is made up of highly effective spores and toxins. It comes in 4 sachets, 6 grams each.

May

If there is one thing that characterises May, it is the flowers bursting out everywhere. There are many to choose from, all beautiful: carnations, petunias, geraniums, roses, etc., all competing for your attention. Watering is the most valuable tool you have to keep them looking spectacular. It will also help to cut off wilted flowers as soon as possible, as they take up the nutrients needed by the rest. Make clean cuts first thing in the morning so they can dry out throughout the day.

Indoor plants

It is time to plant cuttings. Pothos, impatiens or geraniums will take root without difficulty. Fertiliser is also very important now; put Fertiberia's Tablillas Fertilizantes in the substrate or add Fertiberia's Abono Líquido Universal to the irrigation water. If the substrate is worn out, remove the top layer.

About watering: water more frequently and spray to increase surrounding humidity, except in the case of specimens with hairy leaves. But do not over-water, as the typical botrytis spots may appear. If they occur, cut the damaged area and spray with Fertiberia's Fungicida Cobre.

Clean the dust accumulated on the leaves of the plants on the terrace so that it does not clog the pores and slow down their growth. Use a damp cloth or a soft brush.

Outdoor plants

Plant summer bulbs and tubers (gladiolus, calla or dahlia). Place them in full sun. Use Fertiberia's Abono Sólido Plantas de Flor y Geranios to compensate for possible nutritional deficiencies.

If any stem becomes long and thin, and stands out from the rest, cut it back to achieve dense and compact growth. You will also avoid twisting.

As for roses, their tender buds can be attacked by aphids, while the buds are at risk of being covered with white powdery mildew. Treat the former with Fertiberia's Insecticida Antipulgón and the latter with Fertiberia's Fungicida Antioidio.

Lawn

For the seeds to germinate, a month like this, which is not yet too warm, is optimal. If you sow in summer, the seedlings may suffer from heat stress and wilt.

Before sowing, divide the ground into sections for more even sowing. Broadly scatter the seeds, half in one direction and the other half perpendicularly. Sowing at right angles will cover the whole area.

Rake and water finely. Protect it with netting and the birds will not damage it.

Garden

In May it is no longer time to plant trees or shrubs in bare root or root ball, but in containers. Flowering shrubs will remain colourful if you nourish them well. Fertiberia's Abono Premium Azul will suit most of them; for heathers, azaleas or camellias, Fertiberia's Abono Líquido Acidófilas.

For climbers, remove dead branches and leaves, but avoid touching the main stems. This will favour new shoots.

And watch out for leaf miners. They attack soft wood specimens in particular, although the first thing to do before treating the damage is to disinfect the soil.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

Plant summer cabbages, celery, turnips and onions, and sow beans, carrots and peas. Remove weeds and water crops, especially when sowing and when they reach maturity.

Mulch young fruit trees, fruiting bushes, raspberries, etc. Thin out peach and nectarine tree shoots and remove poorly positioned cherry and plum tree shoots.

If snails are active, spread Fertiberia's Antilimacos around strawberry beds and courgettes before covering the soil with straw.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Abono Liberación Controlada.

Formulated for all indoor, balcony and terrace plants, it comes in the form of cubes. It is a resin-coated fertiliser that ensures a gradual release of nutrients over six months.

Fertiberia's Abono Rosales.

Granulate for all varieties of rose bushes, flowering shrubs, vines and climbing plants, stimulates growth and flowering and promotes root development. As it contains iron, it prevents yellowing of leaves.

Fertiberia's Herbicida Total .

Systemic action, it is a post-emergence herbicide for the control of weeds (monocotyledons and annual and perennial dicotyledons). Suitable for lawn establishment prior to sowing.

June

From now on it will be necessary to water every day, sometimes even twice. Avoid the middle of the day to reduce evaporation and prevent your plants from burning. Do not over-water them either. Give them only what is strictly necessary. Bear in mind that if they are thirsty, they will show it by the limp appearance of their leaves, which will respond to water immediately. But if you overdo it, they will take longer to show it. Don't be afraid to fall short, and when in doubt, it is best to skip some of the water.

Indoor plants

Impatiens, coleus, indoor begonias, etc. Warmth, light and the help you give them by watering and fertilising will guarantee their success. So don't hesitate to plant them now or transplant them into a larger pot if necessary.

If daily watering is becoming necessary in the garden, 2-3 days a week will suffice indoors. When you do so (not always, only when indicated by the manufacturer) add liquid fertiliser. To boost flowers, choose a fertiliser rich in phosphorus and potassium, such as Fertiberia's Bio Floración; for green plants, one rich in nitrogen, for example, Fertiberia's Bio Crecimiento.

And to keep your broadleaf specimens lusher, such as Benjamin fig and beloperone, and prevent them from losing their lower leaves, trim them. If you cut thick stems, apply Fertiberia's Pasta Cicatrizante.

Outdoor plants

Tagetes, petunias, geraniums and many more seasonal flowers are waiting for you in the garden centre. Now is the time to fill everything with flowers. You can also plant succulents, such as sedum or immortelle, which flower in summer and hardly need any water.

Water roses so that they don't go thirsty and cut the dried flowers often. Cut at the height of the second or third intersection with the leaves.

Look for green bugs on the buds or on the underside of the leaves, or if they have white spots. In the first case, these are aphids, which you should combat with Fertiberia's Insecticida Antipulgón; in the second case, it is powdery mildew, for which you should apply Fertiberia's Fungicida Antioidio .

Lawn

Many flowering shrubs, such as shallots, viburnums or spireas, will flower profusely, and flowering will extend throughout the summer if they receive nutrients. Use organic fertiliser, such as home-made compost or leaf mulch, in a 2-3 cm layer.

If you decide to get a new specimen, choose one with a prominent root ball. Heat makes it inadvisable to buy plants in small pots, let alone bare root.

Control the growth of hedges and, in the case of formal hedges in particular, maintain their shape, for which it is a good idea to trim them regularly. Avoid flowering and berry hedges.

Garden

Many flowering shrubs, such as shallots, viburnums or spireas, will flower profusely, and flowering will extend throughout the summer if they receive nutrients. Use organic fertiliser, such as home-made compost or leaf mulch, in a 2-3 cm layer.

If you decide to get a new specimen, choose one with a prominent root ball. Heat makes it inadvisable to buy plants in small pots, let alone bare root.

Control the growth of hedges and, in the case of formal hedges in particular, maintain their shape, for which it is a good idea to trim them regularly. Avoid flowering and berry hedges.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

You can still sow autumn or winter vegetables such as cardoon, cauliflower or cabbage. Sow late carrots, beans, chard, radishes or chicory directly in the ground.

Cover the trees with fine-meshed plastic bird netting. Be careful not to damage the specimens when installing or removing it.

Trim melon, watermelon, tomato or pumpkin plants above the last fruits, and multiply strawberries with runners.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Insecticida Polivalente.

Indicated against a large number of insects: aphids, whiteflies, caterpillars, cochineal scale insects, heliotis, prays, black dandruff and borers, among others. It acts by ingestion, inhalation and contact.

Fertiberia's Herbicida Selectivo.

It eliminates a wide range of broadleaf weeds (dicotyledons) that appear in the soil: cress, pigweed, horsetail, rock samphire, etc. Systemic and selective action.

Fertiberia's Antihormigas cebo.

Insecticide in the form of a ready-to-use gel-bait, highly attractive and appealing with a long-lasting effect. The ants ingest the product and impregnate themselves with it, transferring it to the nest, where they will contaminate the rest. The nest is eradicated within a few days.

July

Don't let high temperatures or drought, in the event that it should occur, weaken the beauty of your garden. Adapt your watering to the needs of your plants and the vagaries of the weather, and watch out for dryness, overgrowth and anything else that might spoil this time of bloom. Don't let your guard down with pests, which are so active now. Because summer, like spring, is show time and you must continue to enjoy it.

Indoor plants

Water the pots carefully now, so that there is neither too little nor too much. After watering, empty excess water from the saucer; check the substrate and do not water again until it is dry; and adjust the flow rate and duration of automatic watering to the weather conditions.

There are indoor plants that suffer if the atmosphere is hot. This is the case with cissus, cheflera and pilea. To keep them cool, group them together in a corner of the house. When doing so, take into account their watering, fertilisation and light so that everything goes well.

Transplant specimens that have grown too big and are too tight in the pot. Check the roots and cut out any overgrown, old or damaged ones. Use quality substrates, such as Fertiberia's Sustrato Universal Profesional.

Outdoor plants

Enjoying what you have now, it won't hurt to take a few minutes for what you will have in a few months. Plant autumn bulbs, such as colchicum, amaryllis or nerine. Add organic matter to the soil and plant them 5-15 cm apart.

Drip irrigation gives each plant the water it needs without wastage. Set it to come on at the end of the day and you will prevent your annuals from losing firmness due to lack of hydration.

Prune back early flowering perennials such as cerastium, arabis or aurinia to stimulate bud burst. Refresh the soil with shredded bark compost and uproot weeds.

Lawn

By setting the sprinklers, you can water your lawn at night and, if necessary, first thing in the morning. It will need 7 l/m² per day, but remember not to water if you intend to mow the next day.

Continued watering now may cause yellowing (this may also be due to heat and drought). If this is the case, add Fertiberia's Quelato de Hierro FerroProtect to irrigation.

On a related note, don't mow your lawn too short if it is an extremely dry and hot month. The stems will dry out quickly and start to yellow.

Garden

Is your rockery thirsty? You will know if you remove some of the gravel around the plants and insert a trowel into the soil, up to about 5 cm deep. If the whole area is dry, it is time to water. Use a sprinkler to spray the whole area.

Fungi such as phytophthora or seiridium can cause your Conifers to dry out or to become depopulated in the heat. In this case, apply Fertiberia's Fungicida Fosetil Al 80% immediately.

Shrubs such as hydrangea or ivy can suffer in the sun. Use awnings, large plants or shade cloth to provide light shade to protect them for a longer period of time.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

Now is the time to plant green beans and to sow collard greens, leeks, lettuce or endive. Tomatoes, eggplants and courgettes will appreciate a slow release fertiliser.

Give tomato plants a last trim. This will relieve them, as they can no longer bear so much fruit.

In areas with strong winds, surround the lower part of the stem with soil. The roots will anchor the plants to the ground and they will grow more securely.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Humus liquido.

Natural humic amendment obtained from leonardite that improves soil structure. It boosts the formation and development of the root system to take advantage of the resources available in the soil and the assimilation of nutrients.

Fertiberia's Antiamarronamiento Coníferas.

It acts against browning caused by a lack of magnesium and phytophthora that affect all types of conifers: pines, cypresses, firs, thujas, etc. Magnesium and iron are involved in the plant's metabolism, activating the formation of healthy green leaves.

Fertiberia's Antihormigas sólido.

Microgranulate for direct application against ants, cockroaches, bedbugs, caterpillars and flies. It acts by contact, inhalation and ingestion. The product is transported by the ants into the nest, eliminating all of them. Resistant to rain and humidity.

August

This is a month of rest for your plants (perhaps for you too), when their development is interrupted to then experience a second spring in September. The growth of your flowers will seem stagnant. But there are weeds to fight, dried flowers to cut, green pruning to do, and watering and fertilising not to be neglected. And if you go on holiday, make sure someone else looks after your garden, or look for alternatives to fill in for you.

Indoor plants

If the African butterfly has already arrived on your geraniums, you will have to fight it tooth and nail. Remove stems and trunks with holes in them and chewed flowers. Look for the caterpillars, which are hidden, and apply Fertiberia's Antiplagas Geranios.

About watering, and if you are going on holiday, take note beforehand: in the case of a short absence, place the plants in a tray with gravel and water; if it is going to be a long one, the bathtub with water is the best solution, as long as the pots do not rest on the bottom; and if you have few pots, fill a container with water and connect it to the pots by means of a wick of fabric. The substrate will absorb the water it needs.

For plants that may be exposed to the sun indoors, lower the blinds or close the curtains. Otherwise, their leaves could get burnt.

Outdoor plants

Plant late species such as asters, rudbeckia or amaranth. Buy them in containers and plant them as soon as possible. Then water and mulch them to prevent them from drying out.

Your roses are sure to have taken a rest at this time of year. As they are sure to recover, take the opportunity to cut them back and fertilise them sparingly. And don't forget to water them.

Tall plants with fragile stems and large development such as dahlias, lilies and foxgloves may start to need stakes if you didn't put them in when you planted them. Do it now or you run the risk of them bending under the weight of the flowers.

Lawn

Walking on the grass now, barefoot, is a joy, but it does cause bald patches. If it does happen, find the same or similar seed and spread it out. Mulch and water.

In damp, shady areas, moss may appear. To prevent this, loosen the soil by pricking it. If it has already appeared, scrape it off with a rake or add Fertiberia's Antimusgo.

Fusarium and pythium are responsible for the dollar, light spots that spread gradually. Prevent them by avoiding nitrogen-rich fertilisers and control them with Fertiberia's Fungicida Fosetil Al 80%.

Garden

Algae can now spoil the pond. To avoid this, grow plants with floating leaves (water lily or lotus) or oxygenating plants (hottonia or potamogeton). If algae are abundant, remove them with a stick.

Check the garden beds and fill in any holes that may have appeared due to watering with new soil. Firm it well and water to finish settling.

It is time for green pruning, which is done when the plant is active. Shorten the long, low branches; eliminate the cross branches and those that grow inwards; remove anything that exceeds the space of the climbers, and cut back the shrub borders that block the way.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

Transplant lettuce seedlings from the seedbed to the bed every 15 days. Space them 25 cm apart. Firm the soil well and water copiously and regularly.

Keeping the soil clean and healthy is important now, as harvesting begins. Pull weeds and remove accumulated leaves.

Spinach, radishes or chard are now sown in the field. Plant them in the late afternoon.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Antimosquitos exteriores.

Insecticide spray formulated to create mosquito-free zones in open and semi-open spaces: terraces, porches, attics, balconies, etc. It is effective against common mosquitoes, tiger mosquitoes, flies and nocturnal insects.

Fertiberia's Fungicida polivalente.

Ready to use, it treats and prevents a broad spectrum of fungi (powdery mildew, rust, rot, etc.), both indoors and outdoors. It acts by contact. Direct application sprayer, without the need for any preparation, mixing or dilution.

Fertiberia's Quelato de hierro.

Dispersible microgranules to prevent and correct iron chlorosis (yellowing) of all types of plants and grass. Dual effect: fast action and shock effect together with persistence and stability. Highly effective in variable climatic and soil conditions.

September

This month, the holidays come to an end, at least for most of us, but as a counterpoint, the new gardening year begins. The first thing to do is to take stock and check the casualties that the heat and drought of the past months, together with your holidays, have left in their wake. Then it's time to help your plants develop, especially trees, flowering plants and shrubs, which are experiencing a second spring now that the days are getting shorter and the heat is easing up. Go ahead.

Indoor plants

Have you come across a wilted plant and dry soil? The first thing to do is to prick the soil to loosen it, which will help it absorb the irrigation water. Submerge the pot in a container of water and, finally, spray the leaves and put the plant in a cool place.

It will probably cool down soon and many of the indoor plants you have been keeping on the terrace will need to be brought indoors. Examine them before moving them to make sure that they do not have pests, and if they do, apply Fertiberia's Triple Acción, which has a revitalising and protective action.

This is a good time to increase the number of plants you have by propagation. For example, pothos, impatiens, even ficus. Take cuttings, root them in water and transfer them to a container with a light, nutritive substrate. And wait.

Outdoor plants

Lilies, gladiolus or calla lilies will soon stop producing flowers. If you are tempted to cut off the leaves, don't do it. Let them dry out and the bulbs will accumulate nutrients to produce new flower stems next season.

Plant biennials now, such as primroses or violas. Spread the seeds in alveolar trays, cover with mulch and water. When they are 10-12 cm long, thin them out and pinch off the upper tips. In October transplant them to their final place.

Rosehips (fruits) detract from the strength of the roses, so you should remove them unless you want to preserve them for their colouring. Do this now.

Lawn

Summer use may force you to clean it as if it were the middle of autumn. Pick out dead grass and moss with a rake or broom.

Aerate the surface, pricking it every 15 cm. Then spread a mixture of sand with a broom so that it penetrates into the holes.

The soil is now warmer. That's why you should sow; the seeds will germinate quickly.

Garden

If you have climbers in your garden, check that the wind will not be able to bring them down. Take the opportunity to check the fastenings of trellised shrubs and prepare supports for those that do not have them and need them.

Trees and shrubs start growing again. To help them accumulate reserves, put compost in the tree wells. Take advantage and remove the dry material.

The succession of wetter days favours the circulation of fungal diseases such as rust. It causes orange, rust-like spots on the foliage. Apply Fertiberia's Fungicida Polivalente as a preventive measure.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

Moisture can spoil your newly planted lettuce or cabbage. Mulch them with straw, pine bark or cling film to protect the roots and keep weeds at bay.

For large cauliflowers: 1) before planting, make a basal dressing; 2) while growing, keep the soil moisture constant; 3) before reaching the final size, fold two leaves over the head so that they do not lose colour.

After harvesting apple, peach, nectarine or plum trees, prune them to clean them up. Also prune gooseberries.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Raticida Bloque.

With bitter-tasting substances to reduce the risk of accidental ingestion, it eliminates rats and mice of any species and size, even those considered resistant to other anticoagulants. Rodents die far away, days after ingestion.

Fertiberia's Antilimacos.

Bait in granules to combat slugs and snails that attack ornamental plants and vegetables. Resistant to rain and humidity, it contains bittering agent that acts as a repellent to prevent human or domestic animal consumption.

Fertiberia's Corrector de carencias Microplus.

It prevents and corrects multiple deficiencies, such as iron chlorosis and general weakening. It is available as soluble microgranules and is recommended for ornamentals, trees and shrubs. It boosts flower colour.

October

On the garden ground, a few leaves make for a pretty sight, but if there are too many, you should think about picking them up: they can do more harm than good. This is the way autumn is, but it is not the end of colour: brightly coloured berries, red, purple, ochre and orange foliage, impressive silver feather dusters and the last of the flowers are the elements that now dress up the garden and make it look beautiful. In addition, it is time for important gardening work.

Indoor plants

Most house plants are about to start their well-deserved rest and won't need extra nutrients for the next few months. So apply the last few doses of fertiliser now, such as Fertiberia's Abono de Liberación Controlada Macetas y Jardineras. At the same time, remove dried flowers and yellow or damaged leaves.

Cut down on watering, except for species which flower in winter. If you turn on the heating during this month, place humidifiers (a container with water would suffice) on the radiators so that the atmosphere does not dry out.

Cold water can damage the roots of plants in any heated room. If you find that the tap water comes out too cool, you should let it stand for a while before pouring it on the plants. And after adding it, do not let it accumulate in the potting tray.

Outdoor plants

Buy tulip, daffodil or hyacinth bulbs now and plant them. The better they look and the larger their size, the better their results will be. They should also be firm and clean.

You can also start bare root planting roses. Cut back branches and roots by a third and apply Fertiberia's Estimulador de Raíces. Place them in the hole, with their necks level with the surface. Fill with soil, water and mulch.

If you have aromatic plants and they have unpopulated areas, trim them down intensively and they will sprout again with vigour. Take advantage and get cuttings from them.

Lawn

Mild temperatures and humidity will have favoured the last flush of grass. Do the final mowing of the season by lowering the blade cutting level. At the same time, clean up any fallen leaves or they will yellow and damage the lawn.

Now is the time to repair. Resow dry areas or areas that have been emptied by rodents. You can use sod taken from other areas and transplant them or use seeds of the same type. Fertilise beforehand.

If your meadow has hardened off or has been invaded by moss, aerate it with a spade to prevent it from being impermeable to water and air, and apply Fertiberia's Antimusgo.

Garden

Plant perennial shrubs, conifers and hedges. By the time winter arrives, the roots will have grown and the specimens will be established.

If any of your young specimens are exposed to wind or cold, move them. Beforehand, tie the branches with string or wrap them in cloth sacking to avoid damage. Cover the root ball with the same cloth if you are not going to plant it right away.

Trunk boring insects are starting to attack the soft wood of poplars, elms, willows, etc. If you discover them, use Fertiberia's Insecticida Orugas y Cochinillas; to prevent their appearance, use Fertiberia's Aceite Insecticida.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

Cut the bunches of grapes and clean the branches from which they hang. Prune the dry branches of fruit trees that have produced a harvest.

Protect the leeks from the cold by placing them upright (so that only leaves are left in the air) and mulching them; surround the artichokes with netting and fill the inside with dry leaves; and cover the asparagus with felt cloth.

Clean the beds of previous crops and weeds, and apply Fertiberia's Enmienda Orgánica all over the surface.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Aceite Insecticida.

It is indicated for the control of cochineal scale insects, insect larvae, spider mites and other mites on ornamental shrubs, citrus trees and stone and pome fruit trees. It can be applied as an adjuvant additive with leaf miner products.

Fertiberia's Antihongos ecológico.

It has a revitalising and protective action against most fungi that attack plants. Direct foliar application. It boosts the plants' natural defences.

Fertiberia's Estimulador de raíces.

Fertiliser used in the planting of ornamental plants, trees, shrubs and grass. High phosphorus content, which favours root development, improving transplants.

November

With its golden mantle, the garden looks different and beautiful. Take the opportunity to photograph it and get to work with your rake: the leaves decorate, but they also transmit diseases by keeping the soil moist. And, above all, they damage the lawn, compacting it, making it difficult to aerate and attracting fungi. You can still add them to the compost pile or make mulch from them, but there are better quality plant protection products.

Indoor plants

Keep watering less in general, except for plants that are about to flower, such as amaryllis or Christmas cactus. At the same time, reduce the amount of fertiliser, unless absolutely necessary to correct nutrient deficiencies or in the case of species that are not dormant.

But if you overdo it with the fertiliser and the leaves are wilted or with burnt edges, remove the plant and immerse the root ball in a bucket of water for 15 minutes. This simple trick will remove excess salts. Let the root ball drain and return it to the pot.

In the spring, which is still a long way off, plant begonias and impatiens, as well as the last hyacinth or crocus bulbs. Save a special place for azaleas where they will receive plenty of light.

Outdoor plants

The time has come to cut the faded rosettes on your hydrangeas. This is the best pruning you can do for this species, which will spend the winter preparing the buds that you have protected to flower during the spring and summer.

Many early flowering perennials (cerastium, arabis or basket-of-gold) will fill your beds from late winter if you sow them now. Arrange the seeds in trays and place them in a sheltered spot.

As most fuchsias succumb to frost, uproot them as soon as the temperatures drop.

Lawn

Protect your lawn from frost by spreading a layer of Fertiberia's Recebo Césped, a high quality substrate. It will insulate it, improve its resistance and strengthen the creation of new roots.

Some seeds do not grow well if they do not get enough light. So, in these shady areas, it is necessary to scrape off the surviving grass and reseed with a shade mixture.

And if you can't get rid of some type of weed either by weeding or with herbicide, you can pull up the affected area and lay sod. It is very quick.

Garden

Most of your deciduous trees will have started to cover the ground with leaves. Remove them with a flexible tine rake or a garden vacuum cleaner-blower and add them to the compost pile.

By the way, if last month we recommended planting evergreens, now we encourage you to do the same with deciduous trees (maples, robinias, catalpas, etc.). And the sooner the better: in no time, the ice will harden the soil.

Protect your plants with windbreaks. Install them on the windward side or, if the wind changes frequently, place protections around the entire specimen. Position them half a metre away.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

Harvest mid-morning as follows: hoe carrots, green beans and peas by hand, lettuce and spinach with a sharp knife.

Put root vegetables (such as potatoes or turnips) in wooden boxes with damp sand in a cool place. They will keep better. And remember: potatoes need total darkness so that they don't turn green.

Whiteflies are now multiplying a lot. You will find them fluttering among the crops. Apply Fertiberia's Insecticida Total.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Pasta cicatrizante.

It is indicated to protect grafts and to heal pruning cuts, hail, frost or fungus wounds, or broken branches in trees, shrubs, fruit trees and ornamental plants. It prevents fungal and bacterial infections.

Fertiberia's Abono Huerta y Jardín ecológico.

This granulated product is indicated for ornamental plants, trees and shrubs, vegetables, and citrus and fruit trees. Its natural nutrients are easily assimilated by the plant.

Fertiberia's Abono Liberación Controlada.

It is a 100% resin-coated fertiliser that ensures a gradual release of nutrients over six months. Formulated for all indoor, balcony and terrace plants. It comes in the form of cubes.

December

Most of the plants in the garden are now dormant. This vegetative rest is necessary for them to replenish their strength, which will contribute to their beauty later on. However, there are some winter plants, such as the bay trees cotoneaster, holly or skimmia, or the marvellous poinsettia, which are now displaying their powers of seduction. December is the time to enjoy the garden at home, to take a break from gardening and to admire the first flowers.

Indoor plants

If you still have last year's poinsettia, and if it has been in the dark for a few weeks for 12 hours a day, its bracts will turn from green to deep red (if they are this colour, they are also available in cream, salmon, yellow, etc.). Place it where it does not get cold and gets plenty of light (not sun). As it does not like humidity, water it from below and drain the excess water from the saucer immediately.

Keep the plants away from the window, especially at night and if it freezes. Their leaves could get burnt. Put cardboard under the ones on windowsills so that the roots do not get cold, and protect the ones on the terrace.

If you have forced bulbs (hyacinth is the classic example of this practice) and you notice growth buds, move them from the dark, cool environment they are in to a brighter, warmer one. You will see that they flower immediately.

Outdoor plants

Pansies, primroses and other biennials are available in nurseries and garden centres from the middle of the month. Plant them now to enjoy the spring colour as soon as possible.

Autumn-flowering perennials that have finished their vegetative cycle, such as asters, helianthus or chrysanthemums, will be safe until next season if you prune them close to the ground. Then cover their roots with Fertiberia's Enmienda Orgánica.

At this time of year, snowdrops, Leucojum aestivum and hellebore may appear on the snow. These are species (the first two of which are bulbous) that emerge from the cold to announce the heat.

Lawn

To minimise winter damage to the lawn, aerate it to allow oxygen to reach the roots, and trim the edges so that it does not encroach on other areas.

Before storing the mower until next season, clean and oil the blades, gears, bearings and chain drives. And empty the fuel tank.

When using herbicide, don't use it in windy weather, don't spray before mowing, and follow the manufacturer's dosage.

Garden

Light snowfall is often beneficial for many plants as it acts as an insulating blanket for the roots. Heavy snowfall, however, can cause tearing. Shake out heavily snow-laden branches immediately with a stick or pressurised water.

Bare root trees and shrubs that you plant should be secured with a stake. Stick it to one side of the planting hole, place the specimen in the centre, fill it with organic compost, press down, water and secure the plant to the stake with a rubber band.

When pruning, healing is slower and moisture penetrates into the tissues. Continue applying Fertiberia's Pasta Cicatrizante.

Orchard or Kitchen Garden

Ventilate crops under cover during the day or they will become mouldy. Condensation from humidity accumulated at night can be harmful if it is not forced out.

Sow garlic in the sun. Place the cloves with the tips upwards, buried 5-10 cm apart and 18 cm apart. They hardly require any care, only occasional watering.

Plant culinary plants and put them in a southern-facing window or in a covered corner of the terrace. They will be protected there.

This month, keep on hand

Fertiberia's Enmienda orgánica.

Natural amendment based on organic matter that improves fertilisation and soil structure. Suitable for lawns, garden plants, trees, shrubs, fruit trees and orchards or kitchen gardens in general.

Fertiberia's Pasta cicatrizante.

It is indicated to protect grafts and to heal pruning cuts, hail, frost or fungus wounds, or broken branches in trees, shrubs, fruit trees and ornamental plants.
It prevents fungal and bacterial infections.

Fertiberia's Abono Premium Azul.

Recommended for all types of plants, trees and shrubs, fruit trees and horticultural crops. It favours plant growth, improves root development and fruit and seed quality, and stimulates flower formation. It provides resistance to fungi, frost, drought and stress processes.

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